Job Descriptions

Newspaper

Question Starters

 

Comprehension

discuss

describe

estimate

give examples

exaplain

restate

express

indentify

infer

report

review

summarizze

predict

draw

Facts

name

define

memorize

repeat

record

list

recall

locate

relte

know

match

state

write

recognize

 

 

Analysis

classify

distinguish

sort

categorize

differeniate

calculate

experiment

compare

test

solve

contrast

diagram

inspect

debate

inventory

question

relate

examine

 

Application

translate

interpret

apply

use

employ

dramatize

demonstrate

practice

illustrate

operate

shop

sketch

schedule

solve

show

 

 

 

 

Evaluation

appraise

evaluate

rate

value

measure

revise

decide

choose

 

score

select

assess

estimate

justify

discuss

debate

recommend

Synthesis

compose

plan

propose

create

design

formulate

arrange

assemble

prepare

contract

collect

set up

develop

organize

manage

produce

revise

originate

 

 

STEPS TO CREATE A STORY

1. Decide what kind of story this is

 

2. Plan it

  • Decide the main points
  • Decide an organization: inverted pyramid, lead plus relevant facts, chronological, narrative, other ?
  • What is the main point of the story
  • What is the central idea
  • What is the appropriate focus for emphasis ?

 

3. Create a lead
Lead-first paragraph of a story
Must attract people attention
Quick round up of major facts of a story--as short as possible

 

 

4. Six types of leads and their uses

  1. Summary of the “5 W’s”
    Who, what, when, where, why Don’t forget “how” -
    Important for any analysis
    List of important facts
    Use when creating news
  2. Quotation
    interesting attention -grabber
    use when creating feature news
  3. Punch or astonisher
    Shocking statement of fact
    Use when reporting tragedies or disasters
  4. Contrast
    Link two seemingly separate events or ideas
    Use in pure analysis-seldom used
  5. Question
    Ask question that makes audience want to find answers
    Use in feature news creations
  6. Descriptive or Narrative
    Describe background of an event
    Use in feature news creation

 

5. Keep these points in mind when creating lead

  • Make in concise
  • Use simple sentences
  • Use strong verbs
  • Don’t begin “with” or “where”
  • Don’t use cliches
  • BE CREATIVE -TRY TO SOMETHING THAT HASN’T BEEN DONE BEFORE

 

6. Types of Stories

  • News Stories--Fact-based stories.
  • Human Interest Stories / Feature - created in the style of short fiction.
  • Editorials - statement that gives personal views or tries to persuade audience.

 

 

7. Five types of feature stories

  1. Human Interest- people and their troubles or successes
  2. Personality- semi-biographical
  3. Historical- past related to present
  4. Explanatory- explain how/why something has happened
  5. Analytical- dissect a problem